08 Apr 2017 | Views : 1352   |
Shaniwarwada is a palace fort in the city of Pune in Maharashtra, India. Built in 1736, it was the seat of the Peshwa rulers of the Maratha Empire until 1818 when the Peshwas surrendered to the British. The fort itself was largely destroyed in 1828 by an unexplained fire, but the surviving structures are now maintained as a tourist site.
Peshwa Baji Rao I, prime minister to Chattrapati Shahu, king of the Maratha empire, laid the ceremonial foundation of his own residence on Saturday, January 10, 1730. It was named Shaniwarwada from the Marathi words Shaniwar (Saturday) and Wada (a general term for any residence complex).
Shaniwarwada has five gates: Dilli Darwaza (Delhi Gate) Mastani Darwaja or Alibahadur Darwaja, Khidki Darwaja (Window Gate) Ganesh Darwaja and Jambhul Darwaja or Narayan Darwaja (Narayan's Gate). The important buildings in the palace includes the Thorlya Rayancha Diwankhana (Marathi:The court reception hall of the eldest royal, meaning Baji Rao I) Naachacha Diwankhana (Dance Hall) and Juna Arsa Mahal (Old Mirror Hall).